WORLD WAR II DIARY
(His report and some taken from Flight Record)
20 October 1943
(O'Neill till 11 December). Says Wilhelmshaven hit and not a diversion but all records show diversion, at 25,000'. At 25,000' the plane felt like it was mushing along. At point of bomb release an A/A shell came through the bottom of the ship, hit the ammunition box and taking out the oxygen system, pitostatic arm and exploded through the astrodome. Very close to me! Also got the hydraulic system, part of Sedricol. (see following letter)
3 November 1943 - Wilhelmshaven.
5 November 1943 - Munster (Carvour Purple Heart)
13 November 1943 - Bremen. (Carvour ME109)
26 November 1943 - Bremen - Halloway - two ME109. Hagmans/ME109. Crash-landed, Poop-Deck Pappy. Extensive fighter damage. O'Neill 1st pilot.
On return we had to C/L Poop Deck Pappy due to severe damage. Right main gear collapsed. Exceptional No. of E/A. Hollaway and Hagmann got three. Pilot was Lt. Richard O'Neill. Saw wing come off.
5 December 1943 - Got a recall.
Cognac-Chateau Bernard - O'Neill made right turn as group made left turn. Stranded over France. Joined another group out of France. Did not drop bombs.
11 December 1943 - Emden-O'Neill and crew went down after crossing the Coast into the target area. Extensive fighter attack.
Carvour on another ship. Had cables dropped on them. Saw O'Neill's plane hit by bombs (2 chutes) from another plane above due to wide, evasive action. George saw Calaban crash on land near Emden estuary. Charochak frost bite.
31 December 1943
French airport with bombing at a lower altitude. George said this is the only mission that he could see people on the ground. Saw a black sedan racing around the perimeter of the base and into a hangar -- a primary objective. Just then, due to bomb hits, the whole hangar exploded, rising into the air and splitting open just like the separating of a peeled orange.
7 January 1944 - Ludwigshaven
29 January 1944 - Frankfurt
10 February 1944 - Picture on Peep Sight.
20 February 1944 - Oberslaben
22 February 1944 - Abort Munster. 44th lost 2 to weather. Camaron led division.
6 March 1944 - Lukenwald. (Visual). Group led with Col. Culbertson C.P. (marshalling yards, etc.). Made two passes at target but too overcast, so target Berlin which was about half covered, half clear. George lined up on installations along river. Target of Op. And just as bombs were being dropped CP says, "There's Templehof - let's bomb it!" But too late as the bombs were dropping as the planes turned for the airfield. (Genshagen - primary?)
8 March 1944 - Berlin.
18 March 1944 - George Down. Capt. Cardenas said that the ship took a shell in the right wing, weakening it so much that it bent up at 15 degrees dihedral from it. Plane so badly damaged all had to parachute and plane exploded at low altitude and seared off the top of some trees. Sack Artist. Kinney had wounds to face. Flak hits caused insulation to fly around in plane like feathers. Charchok first to get out. George hit first shrapnel. Edgar M. Byers Jr. in Columbus but no phone listing.
Notes: A George Byers Chevrolet Dealership there but more than two George Byers to choose.
Letter from George Carvour - February 5, 1983
Talked to Arlie Holden - very happy.
George has handicapped son he must care for now his wife is dead.
O'Neill's ship was Calaban and was hit by bombs from above because O'Neill was taking wild, evasive actions from flak and got out of position. George saw the ship go down. Wing came off and then the tail section. Saw a couple of parachutes. Both O'Neill and the copilot became POWs but neither came home after the war! Must have been killed by the Germans trying to escape or for other reasons. George had letters from the families. Had letters from Worth's mother and sister. That day, there were many fighters and cables dropped on them.
George was bombardier on lead A/C of the 44th on March 6, 1944. Was to bomb Luchenwalk but overcast (made 2 passes) so returned to Berlin to bomb. He was all set up to bomb the marshalling yards per command pilot, but as they approached the cross-hair point, the CP reversed himself and said he saw Templehoff Airport and to bomb that. But there was no time to react and the bombing point was crossed and his bombs went out on the turn in the river in Berlin and M/Y. Others bombed the airfield. Caught hell at debriefing for letting his bombs go against orders. Flak was very heavy at time, but the CP said it was not. He did not see any! This was George's 13th mission and he logged it as 12B.
On 12/11/43 George was temporary bombardier on another ship and saw his crew (O'Neill) go down.
Asked about Hedgelon and I thought he said Hegelein. On his crew that went down in March 1944.
GEORGE W. CARVOUR
World War II
Memories and Biography
3 November 1943
(Taken from a letter to Will Lundy)
18 October 1983
Enclosed, you will find photos I promised you. I will attempt to identify each person in the photos to the best of my ability. Maybe you have crew reports to correct me if necessary. By the way I've located Joe Charchak - 146 N. Kimbrel Ave, Panama City, Florida 32404. Phone 904-871-1639. He is a retired police captain. We had a real nice visit.
Visited Arlie Holden from Madras, Oregon last weekend. Sure brought back memories.
Will, I will try to relate my experiences. That may be of help to you in your revised 67th squadron history.
Note Miles McCue (December 1982 and January 1983 journal) is not entirely correct. Pool Deck Pappy was not shot down 18 November 1943. In fact, this airplane was crash-landed 26 November 1943 by Richard O'Neil. Photos enclosed. This was the flight that Holloway and Hagman accounted for three ME109s. The target was Bremen, on the return. After the bomb run, encountering heavy flak and fighter attack. I never saw so many fighters as on that mission.
Getting back to Wilhelmshaven, 3 November 1943 (again check crew reports). We came in at 25,000 ft. The plane mushed through the air. At the point of bomb release, an anti-aircraft shell came through the ammunition box and took the oxygen system, pilorstatic arm and exploded taking the astrodome. Also took the hydraulic system and part of the electrical system.
We lost altitude. The bomb bay doors would not close and a 500-lb. bomb was hung up in the right rear bomb bay. I was elected to go back on an oil-soaked catwalk with a screwdriver to release the bomb. This is an accurate version of 20 October 1943 Wilhelmshaven mission. The first for the O'Neil crew.
Will, at a later date I will recapitulate the Berlin mission 8 March 1944 and the Fredrickshaven mission the 18 March 1944. Also the raid on Easden that the O'Neil crew went down. Charchak was grounded for frostbitten toes. Arlie Holden was grounded and I flew replacement on another crew and watched O'Neil go down. However, I wasn't aware that it was O'Neil at that moment.
Will, as I mentioned before, I will have additional information for you at a later date.