Group Lineage

34th Bombardment Group (Heavy)

Constituted as 34th Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 20 Nov 1940.  Activated on 15 Jan 1941.  Using B17s, trained and participated in maneuvers until Dec 1941.  Flew patrol missions along the east coast after the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor.  Later became part of the defense force for the west coast.  Served as a replacement training unit from mid1942 until the end of 1943, and then began preparing for overseas duty with B24s.  Moved to England in Apr 1944 for operations with Eighth AF.  Entered combat in May 1944.  Helped to prepare for the invasion of Normandy by bombing airfields in France and Germany, and supported the landing in Jun by attacking coastal defenses and communications.  Continued to take part in the campaign in France by supporting ground forces at St Lo, 2425 Jul, and by striking V-weapon sites, gun emplacements, and supply lines throughout the summer of 1944.  Converted to B17s and engaged primarily in bombardment of strategic objectives from Oct 1944 to Feb 1945.  Targets included marshalling yards in Ludwigshaven, Hamm, Osnabruck, and Darmstadt; oil centers in Bielefeld, Merseburg, Hamburg, and Misburg; factories in Berlin, Daltein, and Hannover; and airfields in Munster, Neumunster, and Frankfurt.  During this period the group also supported ground forces during the Battle of the Bulge, Dec 1944Jan 1945.  In Mar 1945, with few industrial targets remaining and with Allied armies advancing across Germany, the 34th turned almost solely to interdicting enemy communications and supporting Allied ground forces.  After VE Day it carried food to flooded areas of Holland and transported prisoners of war from German camps to Allied centers.  Returned to the US in the summer of 1945.  Inactivated on 28 Aug 1945.

 

Squadrons.

Squadron  Date
4th 1941-1945
7th 1941-1945
18th 1941-1945
39th 1942-1945

Stations:

Stations Dates
Langley Field, Va 15 Jan 1941
Westover Field, Mass 29 May 1941
Pendleton Field, Ore 27 Jan 1942
Davis-Monthan Field, Ariz 13 May 1942
Geiger Field, Wash 4 Jul 1942
Ephrata, Wash 1 Dec 1942
Blythe, Calif 15 Dec 1942 to Apr 1944
Mendlesham, England 26 Apr 1944 to 25 Jul 1945
Sioux Falls, SD 28 Aug 1945

Commanders:

Commander Dates
Maj John W Monahan 15 Jan 1941
Lt Col Harold D Smith 1 Mar 1941
Maj Ford J Lauer 9 Jan 1942
Col Ralph E Koon 12 Feb 1942
Maj Irvine A Rendel 21 Jul 1942
Maj John A Rouse 24 Feb 1943
Lt Col John E Carmack 15 Sep 1943
Col Ernest F Wackwitz Jr 5 Jan 1944
Col William E Creer Sep 1944
Lt Col Eugene B Lebailly 29 May to Aug 1945

Campaigns:

Antisubmarine, American Theater; Air Offensive, Europe; Normandy; 
Northern France; Rhineland; Ardennes-Alsace; Central Europe

Decorations:

None.

Insigne:

Shield: Azure, a compass rose

Motto: 

VALOR TO VICTORY.  (Approved 4 Nov 1941.)