Group Lineage

91st Bombardment Group (Heavy)

Constituted as 91st Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 28 Jan 1942.  Activated on 15 Apr 1942. Trained with B-17ís. Moved to England, Aug-Oct 1942, and assigned to Eighth AF.  Operated primarily as a strategic bombardment organization throughout the war.  Entered combat in Nov 1942 and concentrated its attacks on submarine pens, shipbuilding yards, harbors, and dock facilities until mid-i943.  During this period, also struck airdromes, factories, and communications.  Attacked the navy yard at Wilhelmshaven on 27 Jan 1943 when heavy bombers of Eighth AF first penetrated Germany.  Received a DUG for bombing marshalling yards at Hamm on 4 Mar 1943 in spite of adverse weather and heavy enemy opposition.  From the middle of 1943 until the war ended, engaged chiefly in attacks on aircraft factories, airdromes, and oil facilities.  Specific targets included airfields at Villacoublay and Oldenburg, aircraft factories in Oranienburg and Brussels, chemical industries in Leverkusen and Peenemunde, ball-bearing plants in Schweinfurt, and other industries in Ludwigshafen, Berlin, Frankfurt, and Wilhelmshaven.  On 11 Jan 1944 organizations of Eighth AF went into central Germany to attack vital aircraft factories; participating in this operation, the 91st successfully bombed its targets in spite of bad weather, inadequate fighter cover, and severe enemy attack, being awarded a DUG for the performance.  Expanding its operations to include interdictory and support missions, the group contributed to the Normandy invasion by bombing gun emplacements and troop concentrations near the beachhead area in Jun 1944; aided the St Lo breakthrough by attacking enemy troop positions, 24-25 Jul 1944; supported troops on the front lines near Gaen in Aug 1944; attacked communications near the battle area during the Battle of the Bulge, Dec 1944-Jan 1945; and assisted the push across the Rhine by striking airfields, bridges, and railroads near the front lines in the spring of 1945. Evacuated prisoners from German camps after the war ended.  Returned to the US, Jun-Jul 1945.  Inactivated on 7 Nov 1945.

Re-designated 91st Reconnaissance Group.  Activated on, Jul 1947. Assigned to Strategic Air Command.  Re-designated 91st Strategic Reconnaissance Group in Nov 1948.  Used a variety of aircraft, including B- and RB-17ís, B- and RB-29ís, and B-50ís.  Re-designated 91st Strategic Reconnaissance Group (Medium) in Jul 1950.  Equipped with RB-45ís.  Inactivated on 28 May 1952.



Squadron  Dates
7th Geodetic 1949-1950
91st 1949-1950
322nd 1942-1945; 1947-1948, 1949-1952
324th 1942-1945; 1947-1952
401st 1942-1945


Stations Dates
Harding Field, LA 15 Apr 1942
MacDill Field, FL 16 May 1942
Walla Walla, WA 26 Jun 24 - Aug 1942
Kimbolton, England Sep 1942
Bassingbourn, England 14 Oct 1942 - 23 Jun 1945
Drew Field, FL 3 Jul-7 Nov 1945
Andrews Field, MD 1 Jul 1947
McGuire AFB, NJ 20 Jul 1948
Barksdale AFB, LA 1 Oct 1949
Lockbourne AFB, Ohio 5 Sep 1950 - 28 May 1952


Commander Dates
1st Lt Edward R Eckert 15 Apr 1942
Col Stanley T Wray 15 May 1942
Lt Col Baskin R Lawrence Jr 25 May 1943
Lt Col Clemens L Wurzbach 25 Jun 1943
Col Claude E Putnam Dec 1943
Col Henry W Terry 17 May 1944
Lt Col Donald E Sheeler 30 May 1945 - unknown
Col Frank L Dunn 1948
Lt Col Robert S Kittel 10 Nov 1948
Col Charles R Greening 24 Jun 1949
Maj James I Cox 23 Aug 1949
Col Jean R Byerly 1 Oct 1949
Col Lewis E Lyle 25 Nov 1950 - Aug 1951
Col Joseph A Preston Aug 1951 - 28 May 1952


Air Offensive, Europe; Normandy; Northern France; Rhineland; 
Ardennes-Alsace; Central Europe.


Distinguished Unit Citations:
Hamm, Germany, 4 Mar 1943;
Germany, 11 Jan 1944.



WWII Unapproved.
Cold War Approved 23 Dec 1952.  Shield: Azure (sky blue), a lightning flash issuing from dexter base and pointing to an eye proper on a cloud issuing from the sinister chief, on the flash in dexter base a sphere proper in an orbit argent; over all a bend azure fimbriated argent.